- Loskutnikova Maria Candidate of Philology, Assistant Professor
The article is devoted to the comparative analysis of an allegory and a symbol. Materials are both products of Russian literature - L. N. Tolstoy, A. S. Pushkin, I. A. Krylov, I. A. Goncharov, G. R. Derzhavin, etc. , and products belonging to pen of the European authors - J. Galsworthy, Aesop, etc. The body of the article consists of the Introduction in which statement ofthe problem is given, three sections (1. An allegory and a symbol: the nature of figurativeness. 2. Allegories and symbols of representatives of fauna. Animal level in structure of an image. 3. Vegetative allegories and symbols), and the Conclusion. The author of the article considers an allegorical background of characters, the allegorical plan of the structure of an image of a human and of the structure of an image of the world, and also independent allegories of a dog, of a grape, of an oak which allow the artists to find an archetypical and mythological-poetical reality providing condi- tions of occurrence of the internal (art) form of a word.
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